TO BE READ IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR DISCLAIMER
1.1 “TCS Group” means the multi-jurisdictional marketing insignia of an international group of companies offering company and trust formation and related services.
1.2 “TCS” means a member of TCS Group Worldwide which expression shall include their successors in title and assigns on its own behalf and as agent for the TCS Officers (as hereinafter defined) and the employees thereof and any company under their direct or indirect control and any director or employee thereof (which expression shall include any of them).
1.3 “TCS Officers” means any person, firm or company nominated by TCS who may from time to time be appointed as nominee director, alternate director, nominee secretary, assistant secretary, manager, partner, accountant, VAT or tax agent, trustee, protector, bank account signatory, other officer, administrator, registered agent, provider of a registered office or address for legal service or registered shareholder of the Entity (as hereinafter defined) and the employees thereof and any company under their direct or indirect control or any director or employee thereof (which expression shall include any of them).
1.4 “Entity” means a company, trust, Foundation, partnership or other legal entity or structure established and / or administered by TCS at the request of the Clients (as hereinafter defined).
1.5 “Services” means the provision by TCS of management, administration and / or other services (including the operation or control of an Entity’s bank account(s)) requested by the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees (as hereinafter defined) or such other services provided by TCS to maintain the Entity in good standing in its country of establishment or incorporation.
1.6 “Clients” means in the case of a trust or a foundation the Settlor of the trust or foundation and in the case of a company or other legal entity the beneficial owner or owners of the Entity which expression shall in the case of individuals include their heirs, personal representatives and assigns and shall in the case of more than one person mean such persons jointly and severally and shall include the survivor or survivors of them and their respective heirs, personal representatives and assigns.
1.7 “Clients’ Appointees” means any person who is not a TCS Officer or Agent and who may from time to time be nominated or appointed to act as Managing Agent (as hereinafter defined), director, alternate director, secretary, assistant secretary, manager, partner, trustee, protector, beneficiary, bank account signatory, other officer, grantee of a power of attorney, administrator, registered agent, provider of a registered office or address for legal service or registered shareholder of the Entity (which expression shall include any of them).
1.8 “Managing Agent” means a person who may in writing be authorised by the Clients to issue requests or instructions to TCS or to accept service of any notice from time to time issued by TCS relating to the Entity.
1.9 “Terms of Business” means these Terms of Business or such other new Terms of Business as may from time to time be published on the TCS Group website and shall be deemed to include such other conditions which TCS may from time to time advise to the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees or publish on its website.These Terms of Business apply to all of TCS’s Clients and Clients’ Appointees.
2. UNACCEPTABLE BUSINESS AND ACTIVITIES REQUIRING PRE-APPROVAL
2.1 “Illegal Activities” means any activity designated anywhere in the world as illegal or criminal which, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, shall be deemed to include activities relating to terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, receiving the proceeds of criminal activities or trading with countries which may from time to time be subject to any embargo imposed by the Security Council of the United Nations, the European Union, the United Kingdom or any successor or similar international organisation.
2.2 “Prohibited Persons” means persons who are:
2.2.1 prohibited under the laws of any country for whatsoever reason or who may otherwise be legally incapable or disqualified from being party to a contract.
2.2.2 undischarged bankrupts or are otherwise disqualified from acting as a director or company officer or who have been imprisoned or found guilty of any criminal offence (other than a motoring offence carrying a non-custodial sentence).
2.2.3 or who have been proven to act in a fraudulent or dishonest manner in any civil proceedings.
2.2.4 resident in a country which is subject to any international restriction or embargo including, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, those imposed by the Security Council of the United Nations, the European Union, the United Kingdom or any successor or similar organisation.
2.2.5 government officials or politicians.
2.3 “Prohibited Activities” means activities not approved or accepted by TCS and which, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, include activities relating to:
2.3.1 arms, weapons or munitions;
2.3.2 mercenary or contract soldiering;
2.3.3 security and riot control equipment such as stun guns, electronic restraining devices, CS gas or other similar materials, pepper sprays or any other device that could lead to the abuse of human rights or be utilised for torture or which may otherwise be used in an offensive manner;
2.3.4 technical surveillance or bugging equipment and industrial espionage;
2.3.5 dangerous or hazardous biological, chemical or nuclear materials including equipment or machinery to manufacture or handle such materials and the transportation, handling, disposal or dumping of such materials;
2.3.6 human or animal organs, including blood and plasma;
2.3.7 the abuse of animals, vivisection or the use for any scientific or product testing purpose of animals;
2.3.8 genetic material;
2.3.9 adoption agencies, including surrogate motherhood;
2.3.10 the abuse of refugees or human rights;
2.3.12 drug paraphernalia;
2.3.13 the provision of degrees or qualifications;
2.3.14 the provision of credit cards;
2.3.15 pyramid sales;
2.3.16 religions, religious cults and charities;
2.3.17 the offer or provision of legal or tax advice otherwise than by persons who are professionally qualified and, where appropriate, licensed so to do;
2.3.18 the provision of trustees or services relating to the administration or management of trusts, companies or the undertaking of any service or business that might compete with TCS;
2.3.19 trading or other activities relating to futures or other derivatives or financial instruments that create an open or unlimited exposure;
2.3.20 any activity which may damage the reputation of TCS or the country of establishment or incorporation of the Entity.
2.4 “Pre- Approval Required Activities” means:
2.4.1 Financial business involving: soliciting funds from the public, offering investment advice to the public, insurance business, the operation and administration of collective investment schemes or the management of investments other than where the assets so managed comprise the property of the Entity.
2.4.2 Any activity relating to the provision of financial services or any other business activity which requires a licence in any jurisdiction.
2.4.3 Time share and holiday clubs.
2.4.4 Advertising an Entity or any address belonging to TCS by any means (including the Internet).
2.4.5 Accepting payment over the Internet for products or services
2.4.6 Trading in high-risk products or services, or products or services which may be associated with fraud such as alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, fine art, the provision of telephone and mobile telephony services (including call back numbers and trading in mobile telephones or SIM cards) and computer chips.
2.4.7 Utilising merchant numbers for processing credit card orders.
2.4.8. Gambling or lotteries.
2.4.9 Mail or telephone order schemes.
2.5 If any Clients or the Clients’ Appointees are or become Prohibited Persons, or engage in any Illegal Activities or the Entity engages in any Illegal Activities or Prohibited Activities or undertake any Pre-Approval Required Activities without first obtaining TCS’s prior written consent, TCS may at its discretion immediately terminate the Services or take any of the actions referred to in Paragraph 8.4 hereof.
3.1 The Clients undertake, warrant and covenant with TCS that:
3.1.1 they have full legal capacity to enter into an agreement with TCS in accordance with these Terms of Business and to acquire the Entity and to receive the Services.
3.1.2 when the Entity is not a trust or a foundation, they are the ultimate beneficial owners of the Entity.
3.1.3 they are not and will not act in a fiduciary capacity for any other person, firm or company in relation to the Entity.
3.2 The Clients undertake and warrant with TCS that they:
3.2.1 will comply with TCS’s Terms of Business.
3.2.2 procure that those appointed as Clients’ Appointees understand the legal duties and obligations created by these Terms of Business and shall, if so required by TCS, procure that such persons enter into direct written agreements with TCS agreeing to comply with these Terms of Business.
3.2.3 have taken appropriate tax and legal advice with regard to the establishment, acquisition and operation of the Entity.
3.2.4 agree that TCS may (but shall not in any event be obliged to) rely on communications received from the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees in determining what steps TCS is required to take in administering the Entity and providing the Services.
3.2.5 will pay, in full, any personal or corporate taxes that may become due as a result of the establishment and operations of the Entity.
The Clients jointly and severally (for themselves and on behalf of the Clients’ Appointees) covenant with TCS and with the Entity and, where appropriate, shall procure that the Entity covenants with TCS that they will at all times indemnify and keep TCS indemnified:
4.1. against all actions, suits, proceedings, claims, demands, costs, expenses and liabilities (including legal fees), which may arise or be incurred, commenced or threatened against TCS in connection with or arising from the acquisition or business activity of the Entity or the provision of the Services;
4.2 in respect of anything done or omitted to be done by TCS, provided that this provision shall have no application to any liability for death or personal injury arising from the negligence of TCS or to any liability arising as a result of fraud on the part of TCS;
4.3 in respect of any failure by TCS to comply, wholly or partially, with any instruction or request made by the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees or any errors or incomplete instructions or requests received by TCS;
4.4 in respect of any loss or damage arising from the use of facsimile or email, including the use of unencrypted email, failed or incomplete transmission, distortion and loss of privacy arising from viruses or otherwise;
4.5 in respect of any penalties, fines, fees or other liabilities incurred by the Clients and / or the Clients’ Appointees and/ or the Entity in relation to the Entity and / or the Services.
5. NO LIABILITY FOR LOSS
TCS expressly disclaims any liability to the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees, the Entity and any third parties associated with them for any damage or loss to any of them arising from the establishment, acquisition or operation of the Entity and / or the provision of the Services by or to the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees, the Entity or any other person.
6. CLIENTS’ OBLIGATIONS
6.1 The Clients must give TCS at least 90 days’ advance written notice of their intention to discontinue the Services.
6.2 The Clients must obtain TCS’s written consent before seeking to change the beneficial ownership of the Entity or seeking to appoint new Clients’ Appointees. Any such applications must be accompanied by written details of such proposed changes or appointments as TCS may require which shall, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, include an appropriately certified copy of the passport, proof of residential address and a detailed personal history of such persons and TCS reserves the right to request further information and documentation concerning such proposed changes and to decline to accept such applications.
6.3 The Clients shall and shall procure that the Clients’ Appointees shall:
6.3.1 immediately inform TCS of any matters which might affect the Entity and / or influence TCS’s willingness or ability to provide, or continue to provide, the Services.
6.3.2 immediately inform TCS of the nature of the activities and business of the Entity and seek TCS’s prior written consent before making any material changes to those activities.
6.3.3 obtain TCS’s prior written consent before placing any advertisement or making any public announcement relating to the Entity or any activities undertaken by it.
6.3.4 at all times pay to TCS any sum due to TCS including any fees, disbursements and expenses incurred by TCS in connection with the Entity and / or in providing the Services (including fees charged by TCS in relation to the provision of the Services).
7. ADDITIONAL CLIENTS’ OBLIGATIONS WHEN TCS PROVIDES TCS OFFICERS
7.1 When TCS provides TCS Officers, the Clients must, at all times, keep the Entity in funds sufficient to discharge its liabilities as and when they become due and at the request of TCS or the TCS Officers pay to the Entity or TCS on its behalf, such sums as may be required to enable the Entity to discharge, in full, any liabilities (including TCS’s fees).
7.2 When TCS provides TCS Officers, the Clients shall and shall procure that the Clients’ Appointees shall:
7.2.1 immediately inform TCS of any matters that might affect the Entity or any matter which is material to the management, business or affairs of the Entity.
7.2.2 at the written request of TCS, immediately provide information to enable TCS to prepare annual or other statutory returns, financial or other statements in relation to the Entity.
7.2.3 immediately provide TCS without delay all contractual, financial or other information concerning any asset, transaction, trading activity or business of the Entity.
7.2.4 not without TCS’s prior written consent seek to alienate, assign, sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of, charge or encumber any asset of the Entity, including any shares issued by the Entity. TCS reserves the right to request further information concerning such proposals and to decline to accept such applications.
7.2.5 immediately advise TCS in writing, of all legal proceedings, claims, demands made or threatened against the Entity or the TCS Officers.
7.2.6 where the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees are grantees of a power of attorney issued by the Entity they must:
126.96.36.199 act with the utmost good faith to the Entity, TCS and the TCS Officers.
188.8.131.52 keep and maintain and on demand deliver to TCS accurate financial and business records.
184.108.40.206 immediately disclose to TCS, in writing, information relating to the operation of the business of the Entity which might create a conflict of interest between them and the Entity and / or with TCS or the TCS Officers.
220.127.116.11 immediately inform TCS, in writing, each time a power of attorney is exercised and provide written details of any acts undertaken.
7.3 When TCS provides TCS Officers, TCS shall be entitled to take any steps which it may in its absolute discretion think fit to protect the interests and / or assets of the Entity and at the cost of the Clients or the Entity including the obtaining of professional advice as TCS may consider necessary.
8. REQUESTS AND INSTRUCTIONS
8.1 The Clients on behalf of themselves and the Clients’ Appointees and the Entity agree to provide all requests or instructions to TCS in writing by letter or facsimile and TCS shall only consider such requests or instructions when signed by all the Clients or the Managing Agent or, with the prior written consent of TCS, when they are made by encrypted email sent by the Managing Agent.
8.2 The Clients acknowledge that TCS is bound by regulatory and other obligations under laws and regulations of the jurisdiction in which the Services are provided, the jurisdiction of incorporation or establishment of the Entity and /or the jurisdictions where the Entity undertakes business and agree that any action undertaken by TCS or the TCS Officers in order to comply with those laws or regulations shall not constitute a breach by TCS or the TCS Officers of their obligations hereunder.
8.3 TCS shall not be required to take any action which it considers to be unlawful or improper or which it believes may be detrimental to it, the TCS Officers, or the Entity.
8.4 Where permitted under these Terms of Business or if instructions are requested by TCS from the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees and no instructions have been received by TCS within 30 days of such a request being made, or where the urgency of the matter requires action within a shorter period, TCS may immediately and with no liability to the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees or the Entity take no further action in relation to a particular matter or take such other action as they shall in their absolute discretion consider appropriate or as they may be advised.
The Clients irrevocably agree that, if the Entity is a limited liability company and the TCS Officers are members or officers of that company, or the Entity is a Partnership and the TCS Officers are members of that partnership, or the Entity is a trust or Foundation and the TCS Officers are trustees or protectors of that trust or Foundation, TCS may, without being obliged to give notice to the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees, take such steps as they shall in their absolute discretion consider appropriate which shall without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing include having the Entity struck off, dissolved or liquidated; or resigning all or any of the TCS Officers; or transferring all or any of the shares, capital or assets or liabilities of the Entity into the name of the Clients; or appointing the Clients as a director, officer, manager,trustee or protector of the Entity; or take such other action as they shall in their absolute discretion consider appropriateor as it may be advised.
9. PAYMENT OF FEES
9.1 When the Entity is not a trust or a foundation, the legal ownership of the Entity shall not pass to the Clients until payment in full of all fees, including government duties and taxes, has been received by TCS. No refunds are given after an order/instruction has been processed and no refunds will be made where TCS ceases to provide the Services.
9.2 TCS will not provide Services until TCS has received, in full, all fees and disbursements payable in relation to the Entity or the provision of the Services.
9.3 The Clients hereby irrevocably authorises TCS to withdraw from any sums held on any account managed by TCS or otherwise held by TCS, on behalf of the Clients and / or the Entity any monies required to discharge any fees or expenses, including any government fees, duties, taxes or penalties, payable to or by TCS or the Entity.
9.4 Fees are stated in TCS’s Fee Schedule, published from time to time, or as may be notified to or agreed with Clients.
9.5 Where any fees for Services remain unpaid for more than 30 days, TCS may at its discretion immediately terminate the Services, and / or obtain payment from any assets of the Entity and / or the Clients. In such circumstances, TCS reserves the right to treat these Terms of Business as terminated without further obligation, save as to any continuing covenant, obligation or undertaking given by the Clients or the Clients Appointees to TCS ,and to act pursuant to the provision of Paragraph 8.4 of these Terms of Business.
9.6 Unless otherwise agreed in writing with the Clients, TCS will not pay any interest on any monies held by TCS on behalf of the Entity and / or the Clients and / or the Clients’ Appointees.
9.7 TCS and its associated companies, their officers, agents and employees shall be entitled to retain any third-party commission or fee which is paid or may become payable to it notwithstanding that such commission or fee is payable as a direct or indirect result of TCS providing the Services or otherwise in relation to the Entity.
9.8 Should TCS cease to provide Services or should the Clients advise TCS that they no longer require the Entity, the Clients must pay to TCS any fees or costs which may be incurred by TCS in relation to the striking off, dissolution, liquidation or transfer of the Entity (including TCS’s minimum transfer or termination fee).
9.9 In the event that the Clients shall request TCS to transfer the management or administration of the Entity or should TCS request the Clients to transfer the management or administration of the Entity to another agent or Corporate Service Provider, TCS shall not be obliged to transfer the Entity until all outstanding fees (including government fees, duties, taxes and other third party disbursements together with TCS’s transfer or termination fees) have been paid in full.
9.10 Where the Clients make part payment to TCS of any fee note or invoice rendered by TCS, TCS reserves the right to apply any monies received in firstly discharging its professional fees and only thereafter in payment of any government fees, duties charges or taxes or other payments to third parties.
10. CONFIDENTIALITY AND DATA PROTECTION
10.1 TCS undertakes to the Clients that where the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees or the Entity deliver to TCS confidential information it will use all reasonable endeavours to keep it confidential. TCS in accordance with its statutory obligations protects personal information and personal data from unauthorised access, use or disclosure.
10.2 In the course of providing the Services, TCS collects personal information and personal data concerning the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees and the Entity and uses this personal data and information to facilitate the provision of the Services and, may from time to time, use such data and information to provide information, reference notes, guidelines, advice or for marketing information concerning the Services and for providing such other information as TCS may from time to time make available.
10.3 TCS reserves the right to treat the obligations of confidentiality and privacy in Paragraphs 10.1 and 10.2 as not applicable and may disclose to third parties confidential or personal information and data when they are obliged to do so by law, or when required by third parties in order for TCS to provide the Services or when TCS has been unable to obtain the Clients or Managing Agents instructions and it appears to TCS to be in the best interests of the Clients and / or the Clients’ Appointees and / or the Entity to provide such confidential or personal data to third parties.
10.4 Except otherwise where permitted by these Terms of Business any personal information and data collected is used only for these purposes and is never sold, lent, leased or otherwise distributed outside TCS Group Worldwide. The Clients and the Clients’ Appointees accept that this may mean that personal information may be transferred to countries that do not provide adequate protection of data in accordance with Article 26 (1) of the EU Directive 95 / 46 /EC on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data.
10.5 Without prejudice to the duty of confidentiality, TCS reserves the right to act for other clients (including competitors of the Entity, the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees).
10.6 Any report, letter, information or advice TCS gives to the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees or the Entity is given in confidence solely for the purposes of providing the Services and is provided on condition that the Clients and the Clients’ Appointees will not without TCS’s prior written permission disclose to any third-party, other than to their lawyers or accountants or other professional advisers, any confidential or other information made available by TCS.
10.7 Notwithstanding any provision hereof, TCS shall be entitled and is hereby irrevocably authorised to open, read and copy all correspondence, letter, facsimile, email or other communication received by it in relation to the provision of the Services or the Entity, the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees.
11. CESSATION OF SERVICES
11.1 TCS shall be entitled by written notice to cease to provide the Services, if:
11.1.1 The Clients or the Clients’ Appointees in the reasonable opinion of TCS fail to observe to the fullest extent these Terms of Business;
11.1.2 It comes to the attention of TCS that the Entity is being used for activities which were not referred to in the application delivered by the Clients to TCS or as subsequently advised and accepted in writing by TCS;
11.1.3 In the event of the death of Clients, including in the case of joint persons, the death of any one person, and the Clients fail or have failed to make adequate provision for the disposition of the affairs and the ownership of the Entity;
11.1.4 In the event that any legal proceedings are commenced against the Entity, the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees (including any injunction or investigative proceedings).
11.2 In any of the circumstances described in Paragraph 11.1 above, TCS reserves the right to take action pursuant to Paragraph 8 and to treat these Terms of Business as terminated without further liability on the part of TCS
11.3 TCS may at its discretion cease to provide the Services upon giving to the Clients or the Managing Agent 45 days written notice of its intention so to do.
11.4 TCS may by written notice to the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees or the Managing Agent immediately cease to provide the Services where the Clients or the Clients Appointees shall breach the provisions of Paragraphs 2 or 3 of these Terms of Business.
11.5 The Clients and the Clients’ Appointees for themselves as agent for and on behalf of the Entity acknowledge, following the cessation of Services, that TCS may have continuing regulatory / fiduciary duties under any applicable law. Accordingly, without prejudice to TCS’s rights, TCS may (but is not obliged to) continue to provide Services in order to discharge such duties and TCS shall be entitled to charge fees at its applicable rate for the provision thereof.
In providing the Entity and / or the Services, TCS does not, nor is it to be interpreted as though it does in any manner sanction, advocate or approve, directly or indirectly, the commission of any act or any omission by the Clients, or the Clients’ Appointees or the Entity, or any person, firm or corporation in any jurisdiction or the use of the Entity or the Services for any purpose.
Any notice given pursuant to these Terms of Business shall be in writing and shall be sufficiently given to any party if sent in a letter by courier to the address last notified by the address, by facsimile transmission or by electronic mail to the address of such party last notified in writing to the other or to the correct facsimile number or electronic mail address of the addresses and shall be deemed duly served, in the case of a notice delivered by courier, at the time of first attempted delivery and in the case of a facsimile transmission or electronic mail, if sent during normal business hours, in the country of the addresses then at the time of transmission and otherwise then on the next business day.
14.1 These Terms of Business supersede all prior Terms of Business and agreements whether oral or written.
14.2 No exercise or failure to exercise or delay in exercising any right or remedy by TCS pursuant to these Terms of Business shall constitute a waiver by TCS of that or any other right or remedy.
14.3 Nothing in these Terms of Business shall create or be deemed to create the following relationships between TCS and the Clients or the Clients’ Appointees or the Managing Agent:
14.3.1 partnership, or
14.3.2 employment, or
14.3.3 joint venture.
14.4 Words imputing the masculine gender shall include the feminine and words imputing the singular shall include the plural and vice versa.
Unless otherwise agreed in writing between the Clients and TCS, these Terms of Business shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and the Clients, the Clients’ Appointees and the Managing Agent hereby submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Courts in England.
DISCLAIMER & ADDENDUM TO OUR TERMS AND CONDITIONS SEPTEMBER 2012
The TCS Group provide advice in good faith and in accordance with their understanding of prevailing legislation. The TCS Group its officers and employees are not responsible for any financial consequences which might be caused or suffered, directly or indirectly, as a result of any advice we give.
We accept no responsibility for any deeds or documents held in safe custody that are damaged or lost as a result of theft, fire or water damaged on your behalf.
Information contained in our website or advice we give does not constitute an offer of services in any jurisdiction in which such services is not authorised or which are not in the jurisdiction of the reader of this information.
The TCS Group adheres to internationally accepted rules and regulations aimed at the prevention of weapons trafficking, drug smuggling, terrorist financing and money laundering. We will not knowingly aid in the facilitation of these or any other illegal activities. We are obliged by statute to report suspicion of any such activities to the appropriate authorities. While we respect and indeed closely guard the confidentiality of applicants and clients, we are obligated to gain a firm understanding of both the identity of our clients and the nature and ongoing operations of the business. This includes initial KYC (Know Your Client) and ongoing due diligence procedures. The TCS Group reserves the right not to accept a client’s instructions and to end any client relationship at any time without giving a reason
No responsibility for loss occasioned directly or indirectly to any person or company acting or refraining from acting partially or wholly upon or as a result of the material in our website or advice given or for any error in or omission on our website can be accepted by the publisher, author, editor, contributor, consultant, employee, officer or any company referred to herein.
Nothing in our website or advice is intended nor should it be construed as sanctioning in any way, advocating or condoning directly or indirectly the commission of any unlawful act or the omission by any person or company in any jurisdiction or the improper use of offshore structures for any legal or fraudulent purpose.
The information contained within our website or advice is for guidance only and should not be relied upon for legal or tax advice within your own country. Clients are specifically advised and warned that they should seek appropriate and timely tax and legal advice (in their jurisdiction) from a qualified tax professional licensed to render such professional advice prior to instructing us.
Whilst it is not illegal for a USA resident to own an offshore structure and/or bank account, the USA Government and Internal Revenue Service have stiff penalties for not reporting a beneficial interest in Foreign Companies, being a signatory on a foreign bank account or a beneficiary status of a foreign trust or Foundation.
Any information contained in our website or advice given by us is not intended and must not be used to contravene any Federal or State laws of the USA or the laws of any other Country.